Behavioral-Cultural Modeling Study for Africa and Middle East Countries

SBP-BriMs – 2016

 

Abstract:

This article focuses on the studies of Ethnic conflicts and Human Rights violations, and their relations with socioeconomic factors and/or unstable governments in certain countries of the African continent and the Middle-East.

Ethnic heterogeneity is a characteristic feature observed in most countries and regions worldwide. However, ethnic conflicts are comparatively more frequent in certain regions and rare elsewhere. Ethnic heterogeneity does not necessarily breed war and its absence does not ensure peace. Even today, ethnic wars continue to be globally the most common form of armed conflicts, but the mechanisms that lead a society down the path of ethnic conflict are yet to be fully understood. What is more intriguing is the connection between democratization and the occurrence of ethnic conflict. While stable democracies are unlikely to wage war with other democracies, a country that is on an uncertainpath towards a new social order may very well find conflicts between groups with opposing interests. Human rights are internationally agreed values, standards or rules regulating the conduct of states towards their own citizens and towards non-citizens. The violation of human rights appears more associated with ethnic conflicts than abuses of economic and social rights. Other political, economic and social preconditions may also influence the causes of ethnic conflicts, and the conscious promotion by the political actors of any polarizing dimension based on these factors is sufficient to lead to conflict . Therefore, spatio-temporal analyses of regional conflict formations and political dynamics, and the statistical studies of the different variables are crucial.

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